利用vue3+threejs仿iView官网大波浪特效实例

前言

Threejs可以理解为是一个web端三维引擎(渲染模型,数据可视化),如果有接触过UnralEngine 4(虚幻四)等游戏引擎的,应该很容易理解在一个三维场景必备的每一个部件(场景,渲染器,网格模型,材质,光源,色相机)。好的,基础知识咱们先跳过,直接上实现的过程

一、效果图

先上最终效果图:

具体效果可参考iview官方界面iView - 一套高质量的UI组件库

大波浪效果,使用的是three.js的官方例子,需要先安装three.js支持,具体可以看官方实例 three.js examples (threejs.org)

二、代码

1.安装threejs

npm install --save three

2.代码(复制可用) components文件夹新建组件waves.vue,直接复制代码如下,可直接运行:

<template>
  <div id="iviewBg"></div>
</template>

<script>
import * as THREE from "three";
显示右上角fps框
// import Stats from "./stats.module";
import { onMounted } from "vue";
export default {
  props: {
  	//控制x轴波浪的长度
    amountX: {
      type: Number,
      default: 50,
    },
    //控制y轴波浪的长度
    amountY: {
      type: Number,
      default: 50,
    },
    //控制点颜色
    color: {
      type: String,
      default: "#097bdb",
    },
    //控制波浪的位置
    top: {
      type: Number,
      default: 350,
    },
  },

  setup(props) {
    const SEPARATION = 100;

    // let stats;
    let container, camera, scene, renderer;

    let particles,
      count = 0;

    let mouseX = 0;

    let windowHalfX = window.innerWidth / 2;

    function init() {
      container = document.createElement("div");
      document.getElementById("iviewBg").appendChild(container);

      //创建透视相机
      camera = new THREE.PerspectiveCamera(
        75, //摄像机视锥体垂直视野角度
        window.innerWidth / window.innerHeight, //摄像机视锥体长宽比
        1, //摄像机视锥体近端面
        10000 //摄像机视锥体远端面
      );

      //设置相机z轴视野
      camera.position.z = 1000;

      //创建场景
      scene = new THREE.Scene();

      const numParticles = props.amountX * props.amountY;

      const positions = new Float32Array(numParticles * 3);
      const scales = new Float32Array(numParticles);

      let i = 0,
        j = 0;

      // 初始化粒子位置和大小
      for (let ix = 0; ix < props.amountX; ix++) {
        for (let iy = 0; iy < props.amountY; iy++) {
          positions[i] = ix * SEPARATION - (props.amountX * SEPARATION) / 2; // x
          positions[i + 1] = 0; // y
          positions[i + 2] = iy * SEPARATION - (props.amountY * SEPARATION) / 2; // z
          scales[j] = 1;
          i += 3;
          j++;
        }
      }

      //是面片、线或点几何体的有效表述。包括顶点位置,面片索引、法相量、颜色值、UV 坐标和自定义缓存属性值。使用 BufferGeometry 可以有效减少向 GPU 传输上述数据所需的开销
      const geometry = new THREE.BufferGeometry();
      geometry.setAttribute(
        "position",
        new THREE.BufferAttribute(positions, 3)
      );
      geometry.setAttribute("scale", new THREE.BufferAttribute(scales, 1));

      //着色器材质(ShaderMaterial),设置球的大小,颜色,等
      const material = new THREE.ShaderMaterial({
        uniforms: {
          //设置球的颜色
          color: { value: new THREE.Color(props.color) },
        },
        //控制球的大小
        vertexShader:
          "attribute float scale; void main() {vec4 mvPosition = modelViewMatrix * vec4( position, 1.0 );gl_PointSize = scale * ( 300.0 / - mvPosition.z );gl_Position = projectionMatrix * mvPosition;}",
        fragmentShader:
          "uniform vec3 color;void main() {if ( length( gl_PointCoord - vec2( 0.5, 0.5 ) ) > 0.475 ) discard;gl_FragColor = vec4( color, 1.0 );}",
      });

      //一个用于显示点的类。
      particles = new THREE.Points(geometry, material);
      //往场景中添加点
      scene.add(particles);

      //alpha - canvas是否包含alpha (透明度)。默认为 false。
      //渲染器的背景色默认为黑色,设置渲染器的背景色为透明
      renderer = new THREE.WebGLRenderer({ antialias: true, alpha: true });
      renderer.setPixelRatio(window.devicePixelRatio);
      renderer.setClearAlpha(0);
      renderer.setSize(window.innerWidth, window.innerHeight);
      container.appendChild(renderer.domElement);

      //显示右上角fps框
      // stats = new Stats();
      //   container.appendChild(stats.dom);

      container.style.touchAction = "none";
      //监听鼠标移动事件
      container.addEventListener("pointermove", onPointerMove);

      //调整波浪的位置
      container.style.position = "relative";
      container.style.top = `${props.top}px`;

      window.addEventListener("resize", onWindowResize);
    }

    function render() {
      camera.position.x += (mouseX - camera.position.x) * 0.05;
      camera.position.y = 400;
      camera.lookAt(scene.position);

      const positions = particles.geometry.attributes.position.array;
      const scales = particles.geometry.attributes.scale.array;

      // 设置粒子位置和大小
      let i = 0,
        j = 0;
      for (let ix = 0; ix < props.amountX; ix++) {
        for (let iy = 0; iy < props.amountY; iy++) {
          positions[i + 1] =
            Math.sin((ix + count) * 0.3) * 50 +
            Math.sin((iy + count) * 0.5) * 50;

          scales[j] =
            (Math.sin((ix + count) * 0.3) + 1) * 10 +
            (Math.sin((iy + count) * 0.5) + 1) * 10;

          i += 3;
          j++;
        }
      }

      particles.geometry.attributes.position.needsUpdate = true;
      particles.geometry.attributes.scale.needsUpdate = true;

      renderer.render(scene, camera);

      count += 0.1;
    }

    function onWindowResize() {
      windowHalfX = window.innerWidth / 2;
      camera.aspect = window.innerWidth / window.innerHeight;
      camera.updateProjectionMatrix();
      renderer.setSize(window.innerWidth, window.innerHeight);
    }

    //监听鼠标移动事件
    function onPointerMove(event) {
      console.log(event);
      if (event.isPrimary === false) return;
      mouseX = event.clientX - windowHalfX;
    }

    function animate() {
      requestAnimationFrame(animate);
      render();
      //fps 实时更新
      // stats.update();
    }

    onMounted(() => {
      init();
      animate();
    });
    return {};
  },
};
</script>

<style lang="scss" scoped>
#iviewBg {
  width: 100%;
  height: 100vh;
  background: url("../assets/wavesBg.png") no-repeat;
  overflow: hidden;
}
</style>

3.使用

直接在login登录页面引入组件使用

<template>
  <wavesBg :top="250"></wavesBg>
  
  <div class="login-container">
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import wavesBg from "../components/wavesBg";
export default {
  name: "",
  components: {
    wavesBg,
  },
  setup() {
    
    return {
     
    };
  },
};
</script>

三、背景图片素材

如果不清晰可以去官方界面f12拿,iView - 一套高质量的UI组件库

如下图所示

总结

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