使用Python爬虫库requests发送表单数据和JSON数据

使用Python爬虫库requests发送表单数据和JSON数据

导入Python爬虫库Requests

import requests

一、发送表单数据

要发送表单数据,只需要将一个字典传递给参数data

payload = {"key1": "value1", "key2": "value2"}
r = requests.post("http://httpbin.org/post", data=payload)
print(r.text)
{"args":{},"data":"","files":{},"form":{"key1":"value1","key2":"value2"},"headers":{"Accept":"*/*","Accept-Encoding":"gzip, deflate","Connection":"close","Content-Length":"23","Content-Type":"application/x-www-form-urlencoded","Host":"httpbin.org","User-Agent":"python-requests/2.14.2"},"json":null,"origin":"110.18.198.88","url":"http://httpbin.org/post"}

也可以将一个元组列表传递给参数data,这样可以实现多个value对应一个key的情况(字典的key必须唯一)

payload = (("key1", "value1"), ("key1", "value2"))
r = requests.post("http://httpbin.org/post", data=payload)
print(r.text)
{"args":{},"data":"","files":{},"form":{"key1":["value1","value2"]},"headers":{"Accept":"*/*","Accept-Encoding":"gzip, deflate","Connection":"close","Content-Length":"23","Content-Type":"application/x-www-form-urlencoded","Host":"httpbin.org","User-Agent":"python-requests/2.14.2"},"json":null,"origin":"110.18.198.88","url":"http://httpbin.org/post"}

二、发送字符串(JSON)数据

将json字符串传递给参数data

import json
url = "https://api.github.com/some/endpoint"
payload = {"some": "data"}
r = requests.post(url, data=json.dumps(payload))

将字典传递给参数json

url = "https://api.github.com/some/endpoint"
payload = {"some": "data"}
r = requests.post(url,json=payload)

更多关于Python爬虫库requests的使用方法请查看下面的相关链接