CentOs安装Tomcat6、7

  • 安装Tomcat 和 jsvc
  1. 下载并安装tomcat

到Tomcat 官网下载 tar.gz版本

将Tomcat 安装包上传至Centos对应目录下。

使用 tar -zxvf 命令解压

  1. 编译jsvc

注意:编译前需要安装 gcc,autoconf和jdk

进入解压的tomcat目录的bin目录

解压commons-daemon-native.tar.gz 文件

进入解压后的目录中的 unix 目录

执行命令: ./configure --with-java=/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_131(等号后面为JDK安装目录)

执行命令:make

执行命令:cp jsvc ../..

  • 添加Tomcat 用户,并分配目录

tomcatdaemon.sh默认以tomcat用户启动,所以需要先添加tomcat.

执行命令useradd tomcat -s /sbin/nologin -M

执行命令:chown -R tomcat /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-6.0.26红色部分为Tomcat目录)

  • 添加systemd服务单元,添加tomcat为自启动服务

执行命令:/etc/init.d/tomcat

加入如下内容:

 

#!/bin/sh

# chkconfig: 2345 10 90
# description: Tomcat6 Daemon

##############################################################################
#
#   Copyright 2004 The Apache Software Foundation.
#
#   Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
#   you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
#   You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
#   Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
#   distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
#   WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
#   See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
#   limitations under the License.
##############################################################################
#
# Small shell script to show how to start/stop Tomcat using jsvc
# If you want to have Tomcat running on port 80 please modify the server.xml
# file:
#
#    
#   
#               port="80" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
#               enableLookups="true" redirectPort="8443"
#               acceptCount="10" debug="0" connectionTimeout="60000"/>
#
# That is for Tomcat-5.0.x (Apache Tomcat/5.0)
#
# Adapt the following lines to your configuration
JAVA_HOME=
/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_131
CATALINA_HOME=/opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-6.0.26

TOMCAT_USER=mark


DAEMON_HOME=$CATALINA_HOME/bin

# for multi instances adapt those lines.
TMP_DIR=/var/tmp
PID_FILE=/var/run/jsvc.pid
CATALINA_BASE=$CATALINA_HOME

CATALINA_OPTS=
CLASSPATH=
$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar:
$CATALINA_HOME/bin/commons-daemon.jar:
$CATALINA_HOME/bin/bootstrap.jar

case "$1" in
  start)
    #
    # Start Tomcat
    #
    $DAEMON_HOME/jsvc
    -user $TOMCAT_USER
    -home $JAVA_HOME
    -Dcatalina.home=$CATALINA_HOME
    -Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE
    -Djava.io.tmpdir=$TMP_DIR
    -wait 10
    -pidfile $PID_FILE
    -outfile $CATALINA_HOME/logs/catalina.out
    -errfile "&1"
    $CATALINA_OPTS
    -cp $CLASSPATH
    org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap
    #
    # To get a verbose JVM
    #-verbose
    # To get a debug of jsvc.
    #-debug
    exit $?
    ;;

  stop)
    #
    # Stop Tomcat
    #
    $DAEMON_HOME/jsvc
    -stop
    -pidfile $PID_FILE
    org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap
    exit $?
    ;;

  *)
    echo "Usage tomcat.sh start/stop"
    exit 1;;
esac

 

注意修改黄色部分路径

 

分别执行命令

chkconfig --add tomcat

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/tomcat

service tomcat start