centos部分缩写词

linux:命令缩写:

  1. ls:list(列出目录内容)
  2. cd:Change Directory(改变目录)
  3. su:switch user 切换用户
  4. rpm:redhat package manager 红帽子打包管理器
  5. pwd:print work directory 打印当前目录 显示出当前工作目录的绝对路径
  6. ps: process status(进程状态,类似于windows的任务管理器) 常用参数:-auxf ps -auxf 显示进程状态
  7. df: disk free 其功能是显示磁盘可用空间数目信息及空间结点信息。换句话说,就是报告在任何安装的设备或目录中,还剩多少自由的空间。
  8. rpm: 即RedHat Package Management,是RedHat的发明之一
  9. rmdir:Remove Directory(删除目录)
  10. rm:Remove(删除目录或文件)
  11. cat: concatenate连锁 cat file1 file2>>file3把文件1和文件2的内容联合起来放到file3中 insmod: install module,载入模块 ln -s : link -soft 创建一个软链接,相当于创建一个快捷方式
  12. mkdir:Make Directory(创建目录)
  13. man: Manual
  14. mkfs: Make file system
  15. fsck:File system check
  16. uname: Unix name
  17. df: Disk free
  18. du: Disk usage
  19. lsmod: List modules
  20. mv: Move file
  21. rm: Remove file
  22. cp: Copy file
  23. ln: Link files (ln -s的s并不是soft,而是symbolic(符号的),ln -s意思是创建一个符号链接,并不叫软链接,我也被坑了好多年)
  24. fg: Foreground
  25. bg: Background
  26. chown: Change owner
  27. chgrp: Change group
  28. chmod: Change mode
  29. umount: Unmount
  30. dd: 本来应根据其功能描述“Convert an copy”命名为“cc”,但“cc”已经被用以代表“C Complier”,所以命名为“dd”
  31. tar:Tape archive
  32. ldd:List dynamic dependencies
  33. insmod:Install module
  34. rmmod:Remove module
  35. RPM:Red hat package manager
  36. dpkg:Debian package manager
  37. apt:Advanced package tool(Debian或基于Debian的发行版中提供)
  38. /bin = BINaries #下面的是一些二进制程序文件
  39. /dev = DEVices #下面的是一些硬件驱动
  40. /etc = ETCetera #目录存放着各种系统配置文件, 类似于windows下的system
  41. /lib = LIBrary
  42. /proc = PROCesses
  43. /sbin = Superuser BINaries
  44. /tmp = TeMPorary
  45. /usr = Unix Shared Resources
  46. /var = VARiable ?
  47. /boot=boot #下面的是开机启动文件
文件结尾的"rc"(如.bashrc、.xinitrc等):Resource configuration
Knnxxx / Snnxxx(位于rcx.d目录下):K(Kill);S(Service);nn(执行顺序号);xxx(服务标识)
.a(扩展名a):Archive,static library
.so(扩展名so):Shared object,dynamically linked library
.o(扩展名o):Object file,complied result of C/C++ source file
  • FIFO = First In, First Out

  • GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader

  • IFS = Internal Field Seperators

  • LILO = LInux LOader

  • MySQL = My是最初作者女儿的名字,SQL = Structured Query Language

  • PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP Hypertext Preprocessor

  • PS = Prompt String

  • Perl = "Pratical Extraction and Report Language" = "Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister"

  • Python 得名于电视剧Monty Python"s Flying Circus

  • Tcl = Tool Command Language

  • Tk = ToolKit

  • VT = Video Terminal

  • YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool

  • apache = "a patchy" server

  • apt = Advanced Packaging Tool

  • ar = archiver

  • as = assembler

  • awk = "Aho Weiberger and Kernighan" 三个作者的姓的第一个字母

  • bash = Bourne Again SHell

  • bc = Basic (Better) Calculator

  • bg = BackGround

  • biff = 作者Heidi Stettner在U.C.Berkely养的一条狗,喜欢对邮递员汪汪叫。

  • cal = CALendar

  • cat = CATenate

  • chsh = CHange SHell

  • cmp = compare

  • cobra = Common Object Request Broker Architecture

  • comm = common

  • cpio = CoPy In and Out

  • cpp = C Pre Processor

  • cron = Chronos 希腊文时间

  • cups = Common Unix Printing System

  • cvs = Current Version System

  • daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor

  • dc = Desk Calculator

  • dd = Disk Dump

  • df = Disk Free

  • diff = DIFFerence

  • dmesg = diagnostic message

  • du = Disk Usage

  • ed = editor

  • egrep = Extended GREP

  • elf = Extensible Linking Format

  • elm = ELectronic Mail

  • emacs = Editor MACroS

  • eval = EVALuate

  • ex = EXtended

  • exec = EXECute

  • fd = file descriptors

  • fg = ForeGround

  • fgrep = Fixed GREP

  • fmt = format

  • fsck = File System ChecK

  • fstab = FileSystem TABle

  • fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager

  • gawk = GNU AWK

  • gpg = GNU Privacy Guard

  • groff = GNU troff

  • hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer

  • joe = Joe"s Own Editor

  • ksh = Korn SHell

  • lame = Lame Ain"t an MP3 Encoder

  • lex = LEXical analyser

  • lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of Irritating Superfluous Parentheses

  • ln = LiNk

  • lpr = Line PRint

  • ls = list

  • lsof = LiSt Open Files

  • m4 = Macro processor Version 4

  • man = MANual pages

  • mawk = Mike Brennan"s AWK

  • mc = Midnight Commander

  • mkfs = MaKe FileSystem

  • mknod = MaKe NODe

  • motd = Message of The Day

  • mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa

  • mtab = Mount TABle

  • mv = MoVe

  • nano = Nano"s ANOther editor

  • nawk = New AWK

  • nl = Number of Lines

  • nm = names

  • nohup = No HangUP

  • nroff = New ROFF

  • od = Octal Dump

  • passwd = PASSWorD

  • pg = pager

  • pico = PIne"s message COmposition editor

  • pine = "Program for Internet News & Email" = "Pine is not Elm"

  • ping = 拟声 又 = Packet InterNet Grouper

  • pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability

  • popd = POP Directory

  • pr = pre

  • printf = PRINT Formatted

  • ps = Processes Status

  • pty = pseudo tty

  • pushd = PUSH Directory

  • pwd = Print Working Directory

  • rc = runcom = run command, rc还是plan9的shell

  • rev = REVerse

  • rm = ReMove

  • rn = Read News

  • roff = RunOFF

  • rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat Package Manager

  • rsh, rlogin, rvim中的r = Remote

  • rxvt = ouR XVT

  • seamoneky = 我

  • sed = Stream EDitor

  • seq = SEQuence

  • shar = SHell ARchive

  • slrn = S-Lang rn

  • ssh = Secure SHell

  • ssl = Secure Sockets Layer

  • stty = Set TTY

  • su = Substitute User

  • svn = SubVersioN

  • tar = Tape ARchive

  • tcsh = TENEX C shell

  • tee = T (T形水管接口)

  • telnet = TEminaL over Network

  • termcap = terminal capability

  • terminfo = terminal information

  • tex = τέχνη的缩写,希腊文art

  • tr = traslate

  • troff = Typesetter new ROFF

  • tsort = Topological SORT

  • tty = TeleTypewriter

  • twm = Tom"s Window Manager

  • tz = TimeZone

  • udev = Userspace DEV

  • ulimit = User"s LIMIT

  • umask = User"s MASK

  • uniq = UNIQue

  • vi = VIsual = Very Inconvenient

  • vim = Vi IMproved

  • wall = write all

  • wc = Word Count

  • wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator

  • xargs = eXtended ARGuments

  • xdm = X Display Manager

  • xlfd = X Logical Font Description

  • xmms = X Multimedia System

  • xrdb = X Resources DataBase

  • xwd = X Window Dump

  • yacc = yet another compiler compiler

  • Fish = the Friendly Interactive SHell

  • su = Switch User

  • MIME = Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

  • ECMA = European Computer Manufacturers Association